A genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically engineered organism (GEO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. These techniques, generally known as recombinant DNA technology, use DNA molecules from different sources, which are combined into one molecule to create a new set of genes.
This DNA is then transferred into an organism, giving it modified or novel genes. Transgenic organisms, a subset of GMOs, are organisms which have inserted DNA that originated in a different species.
Genetic engineering is a radical technology that forces genetic information across the protective species barrier in an unnatural way. By being able to take the genetic material from one organism and insert it into the permanent genetic code of another, biotechnologists have engineered numerous novel creations.
At an alarming rate, these creations are and have been patented and released into the environment. Pollinators (bees, beetles, butterflies, etc) are eating and absorbing these chemical creations and we humans are eating them.
This page is about how all this is effecting EVERYTHING from the soil, plant life, animal life, and OUR HEALTH.
THE FUTURE OF FOOD
This is a powerful video outlining the devastating effects of genetically modified foods on the planets ecosystem and agriculture in general, how the avalanche of patents given to companies have effected average farmers.............and
how they effect you.
GMO food is not considered a "natural commodity for consumption" by the UN's regulatory body (Codex); scientists have purposefully introduced spermicidal modifications into corn ; what else haven't we been told.
Biopharmaceuticals, or biopharms for short, produce industrial and pharmaceutical chemicals within their tissues; a new kind of GM crops.
The plants, including soy, rice, corn, cottonseed and tobacco, are genetically altered to produce substances such as
growth hormones, curdling agents (coagulants), vaccines for humans (as well as farm animals), human antibodies, industrial enzymes,
contraceptives and even pregnancy deterrents.
Grown in open test fields; they are uncontrollable.
There is also an ongoing battle between citizens and the FDA to demand labeling of GMO based food products. Although the public wants labeling, they currently have no right to know what is in their food. Many biotech companies like Monsanto; Bayer; Snygenta; Dow; ... are spending millions of dollars to thwart labeling initiatives.
Since GMO based products are not considered food under UN regulations,
many questions still remain as to the reasons why the FDA allows them in consumable foods at all.
Jeffrey M. Smith: The GMO Threat
Smith documents how consumption of genetically modified foods has been directly linked with reproductive problems, immune system deficiencies, accelerated aging, organ damage and gastrointestinal problems. The immune system problem has been seen consistently in mice and rats who are fed GMO food, explains Smith, and now since humans have started consuming genetically modified foods, auto-immune diseases and allergies have increased.
Institute for Responsible Technology
The most comprehensive source of GMO health risk information on the web.
GMO created foods may be used as a biological weapon ?
A report published on May 28, 2011 tied together that the international organization Codex, which is seeking to regulate every food, mineral, and herb in the world used for consumption, does not consider GMO created products as food, and thus they are being placed in a separate sphere of attributes that can be used for alternative functions....
Including birth control and creating infertility in a nation or population.
Do your own search on GMOs and infertility.
READ MORE : www.examiner.com/finance-examiner-in-national/gmo-created-foods-may-be-used-as-a-biological-weapon#ixzz1O3HQh8r0
Some scientists and ecologists are rightfully concerned.
Through pollen drift, this grain
will contaminate food globally.
It can't be contained.
It will be impossible to contain and segregate such crops, fruit and seed,
in order to avoid a biological Chernobyl.
! MAP OF WORLD WIDE GMO CROPS !
WILD THEORY OR FACT?
READ ON AND DECIDE FOR YOURSELF
Listen to the stories of farmers devastated by GMO contamination.
Mexico's GM Corn Shocks Scientists Researchers baffled as ancient variety of maize tests positive for modified organisms in area where no engineered crops are grown
READ MORE: http://www.commondreams.org/headlines01/1130-03.htm
One of the world's oldest varieties of maize has been "contaminated" by genetically modified organisms, say US researchers who have had their work confirmed by the Mexican government.
The findings in the Sierra Norte de Oaxaca region will stoke the row about whether it is possible to control GM crops and their potential threat to genetic diversity.
The group of researchers from the University of California, Berkeley, detected the contamination in October last year while working with a biological laboratory in the region. They compared indigenous corn with samples known to be free from genetic engineering, as well as with genetically modified varieties.
Their results, published yesterday (2001) in the science journal Nature, showed that four of six samples of native criollo corn taken from fields contained a genetic "switch" commonly used in GM crops, and that two of the samples were found to have another DNA segment commonly inserted by genetic engineers. A further sample contained a commonly inserted gene that prompts the plant to produce a poison.
The researchers alerted the Mexican government which did its own tests in 22 communities. They confirmed in September this year that transgenic DNA had been found in 13 of them, with contamination of between 3% and 10%.
The results are surprising because Mexico, which is the genetic home of maize, has banned the growing of GM maize since 1998, and the last known GM crops grown in the region were almost 60 miles from where the contaminated maize was found.
It was not clear yesterday when the contamination took place, but the scientists speculated that it originated from GM maize bought from the US as food aid for the impoverished region in central Mexico, and had progressed over time via multiple pollinations.
It is not thought that that the cross-pollination happened over long distances, because corn pollen is heavy and does not travel far on the wind.
"I repeated the tests at least three times to make sure I wasn't getting false-positives," the lead author of the report, David Quist, said. "It was initially hard to believe that corn in such a remote region would have tested positive."
"This is very serious," said Ignacio Chapela, assistant professor of microbial ecology at Berkeley's College of Natural Resources, "because the regions where our samples were taken are known for their diverse varieties of native corn, which is something that absolutely needs to be protected. We can't afford to lose that resource."
But Luis Solleiro, director of the Mexican biotechnology trade association, denied that the country's rich genetic diversity was threatened. "The data suggests that any transgenic corn is at a very low level," he said. "This level, or even greater presence, would not adversely affect the genetic diversity of native strains."
Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth and other groups that oppose GM crops argued that even a low level of genetic contamination was highly significant in a center of diversity and origin.
"The genetic contamination is likely to multiply through pollen flow and spread further to other traditional varieties and wild relatives growing in the area", Doreen Stabinsky, from Greenpeace USA, said.
"This is likely to be only the tip of the iceberg, as plants in other parts of Mexico have not yet been investigated."
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization is concerned that GM crops may pollute the gene pool of conventional relatives in the same area or nearby, depending on wind and insects. "If there is no barrier to pollination, you get this potential hazard," said Ricardo Labrada Romero, the FAO's plant protection officer.
The research adds to concerns that GM crops may be out of control. The Canadian government's agricultural department last month reported that stray pollen and seed from genetically modified oilseed rape crops was now so widespread that it was difficult to grow conventional or organic strains without them being contaminated.
More than 100m acres [33m hectares] of GM crops have been grown, mostly in the US and Canada.
© Guardian Newspapers Limited 2001
What does "genetically modified" salmon mean? FRANKENFISH
Before now, genetic engineering has been used widely in agriculture to make crops resistant to pests and herbicides, in the development of microbes to produce pharmaceuticals for human and animal use, and in food to produce microorganisms used in baking, brewing and cheese making.
While various organizations have been working to develop genetically modified animals, such as the University of Guelph's "Enviropig" - which more easily digests plant phosphorous, thus excreting less of it into the environment - AquAdvantage® Salmon would be the first to be approved by the FDA for use as food.
The fish's rapid growth will be boosted by the injection of a combination of a growth gene (GH-coding sequences) from the Pacific Chinook salmon and genetic material (the AFP gene) from the ocean pout - a large, eel-like fish - into the fertilized eggs of Atlantic salmon, making the recombined DNA present in cells throughout the body of the fish. The Chinook gene promotes the growth to market size, and the pout gene allows the fish to grow in the winter as well as the summer.
AquaBounty Technologies claims the resultant fish are reproductively sterile** due to another genetic alteration - triploidy - that eliminates the possibility of interbreeding amongst themselves or with other native breeds, while maintaining protection over intellectual property. The company will only sell female eggs and raise the fish within contained, inland systems. However, despite these assurances, the FDA indicates that up to 5% of the eggs may indeed be fertile, and the company's claims in this regard are "potentially misleading."
ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH BIRTH CONTROL RATES OF ONLY 95% WITH THESE RISKS ?
**The "compelling economic benefit to FARMERS" did not work out so well for planted crops that were GM as the farmers now are dealing with weeds and pests that have become resistant; forcing use of more and stronger pesticides and herbicides than ever before.
Will the FDA again rely on research studies done by the very companies promoting their products, YET AGAIN??
READ MORE: www.fda.gov/downloads/AdvisoryCommittees/CommitteesMeetingMaterials/VeterinaryMedicineAdvisoryCommittee/UCM224762.pdf
The genetic engineering of plants and animals
is looming as one of the greatest and most intractable
environmental challenges of the 21st Century.
Click this picture for details
Despite these long-term and wide-ranging risks, Congress has yet to pass a single law intended to manage them responsibly. This despite the fact that our regulatory agencies have failed to adequately address the human health or environmental impacts of genetic engineering. On the federal level, eight agencies attempt to regulate biotechnology using 12 different statutes or laws that were written long before genetically engineered food, animals and insects became a reality. The result has been a regulatory tangle, where any regulation even exists, as existing laws are grossly manipulated to manage threats they were never intended to regulate. Among many bizarre examples of these regulatory anomalies is the current attempt by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate genetically engineered fish as “new animal drugs.” Yet, at the same time, the FDA claims it has no jurisdiction over genetically engineered pet fish like the Glofish.
READ MORE: http://truefoodnow.org/campaigns/genetically-engineered-foods/
Bad For the Poor and Bad For Science
by Colin Tudge
As revealed in this week's leaked minutes, the government's commitment to GM crops is unswerving. Revealed once more, too, is its arrogance; for it acknowledges public resistance but hopes that "opposition might eventually be worn down by solid, authoritative scientific argument". Most worrying of all, though, is the truly astonishing ignorance of people in high places.
The arguments for genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that have been dinned into us for 15 years are based on an almost sublime misreading of the world's food problems. Indeed, GMOs are part of a political and economic trend that is threatening all humanity.
The crucial claim for GM crops is that they are necessary. They can out-yield traditional varieties, and can be made especially rich in protein and vitamins. The world's population is rising fast and without GM, the story has it, famine and increasing deficiency are inevitable. To oppose their development is to be effete to the point of wickedness.
But this is not the whole picture, he says ........
READ MORE: www.commondreams.org/views04/0220-09.htm